Thousands of people across the UK live with heroin addiction and require treatment. Heroin is known by many names, such as diacetylmorphine, diamorphine or smack. It is an opioid derived from a morphine alkaloid, widely used as a recreational drug. If you feel your drug addiction is out of control, treatment is available. Rehab Guide offers a pioneering rehabilitation therapy to help conquer heroin addiction once and for all.
Taking heroin leads to addiction because of its anxiolytic properties, how it affects the analgesic central nervous system and its euphoric effects. Heroin can also alter the reward centre or the mesolimbic pathway of the brain.
People fighting addiction and in need of treatment administer the drug in various ways. Mostly injected or “shooting up”, into a vein. Heroin can be smoked and the fumes inhaled in a process called “chasing the dragon”. Heroin can be snorted, otherwise referred to as insufflation and taken orally by ingestion, amongst other methods.
Heroin is normally mixed or “cut” with other narcotics and substances like powdered milk, starch and sugar. It can also be cut with poisons such as strychnine, only highlighting the dangers of taking heroin.
Those living with addiction and require treatment can rid themselves of dependency by various means.
Opiate detox rehab can cover many areas. Ranging from behavioural therapy, which through counselling can address someone’s deep-rooted, psychological issues to get to the heart of the problem. There is also what is called a chemical cure or pharmaceutical treatment, which helps the person fighting addiction with medication, such as methadone, buprenorphine or naltrexone.
Methadone is considered the most common substance in the treatment of heroin addiction. A chemically synthetically manufactured opioid is acting on the opioid receptors, it has had excellent clinical results. Experts say it can successfully block the effects of the drug for 24 hours, making methadone a critical component in addiction treatment. Buprenorphine is an opioid purchased under the brand name Subutex, which is considered an important new tool in the treatment of heroin addiction. With Naloxone being used in case of overdose.
Those struggling with heroin addiction often overcome their dependency using a combination of behavioural and pharmacological treatments. Both methods help restore brain functions and counter the effects of addiction. They can be beneficial individually, but it is felt in many cases, addicts can have better results if the treatments are used together.
Discontinuing heroin use can lead to a period of withdrawal, also known as “cold turkey.” Usually commencing six to twenty-four hours of stopping taking the drug. This could change, considering the extent of the dependency and a person’s tolerance. The signs of withdrawal can range from sweating, anxiety and depression, to insomnia, nausea, vomiting, bone and muscle aches and cold sweats, among other symptoms.
If you are a heroin user and require treatment, you can make an appointment to see your GP or contact a drug treatment service in your area. Generally, during the first meeting, the drug worker or doctor will ask you a few questions to get an overview of the problem. They will meet with you regularly and will help create a personalised treatment plan.
Those trying to overcome addiction may have to decide between different types of treatment. They can determine, when fighting addiction, to opt for maintenance therapy or detoxification. Maintenance therapy allows an addict to alternate between heroin and a heroin substitute, such as buprenorphine or methadone, by taking the substitute instead of the drug.
Alternately, detoxification is a process of changing from heroin to the substitute, gradually weaning the addict from the drug. The treatments are designed to help an addict go through withdrawal, and it is not uncommon for users to stay at home when changing to maintenance therapy or undergoing detox. A drugs worker will supervise the administering of the buprenorphine or methadone, and addicts can move from maintenance therapy to detox when ready.
Those wishing to be free of addiction and deciding on treatment can also choose to receive help in a drug and alcohol rehab centre. In secure and isolated surroundings, a full medical detox is provided. Addicts can be under the care of high skilled counsellors, therapists, doctors and medical staff, employing proven techniques to get to the core of their addiction as part of a personalised treatment programme. Addicts choosing medical detox are commonly given the approved heroin substitute. They will then undergo withdrawal from the medication for a short period of time until cleansed from their system. This form of detox can take within a week to 14 days.
Those wishing to free themselves from addiction can also be offered behavioural therapy. Practitioners customarily concentrate on environment, background or learned behaviour to treat psychological issues. They can use various techniques to explore the possible cause of addiction. Be it depression, money worries, upbringing, amongst other areas. People with a dependency receiving help will routinely be cared for as an inpatient in a residential rehab clinic. Treated on a one to one basis or as part of group therapy. Counsellors and therapists may talk about the personal problems an addict has experienced, which may have contributed to their dependency on drugs.
Generally, a heroin addict requiring help could have a 28 day stay in a rehab centre. The recovery programme could consist of numerous treatments. They can extend from one to one counselling and group therapy to mindfulness, acupuncture, holistic programmes, yoga, meditation, cognitive behavioural therapy and the famous 12 step guide, amongst other elements.
People living with addiction will be cared for by highly qualified medical staff, counsellors and psychiatrists, experienced in dealing with detox while undergoing rehab. Focusing on physical dependency as part of an all-inclusive therapeutic rehab. Treatment covers every aspect of heroin addiction. Rehab Guide will focus on how it affects a person’s life on a psychiatric, spiritual and physical basis, utilising an all-encompassing physical and mental health programme. Our experts appreciate that many people requiring treatment for heroin addiction may also have psychological and physical issues to deal with. We offer an exceptional aftercare service, offering our clients the resources, care and support they require to continue their treatment after leaving rehab and carrying on the battle at home.
There are many ways of fighting heroin addiction, but Rehab Guide will always be at the forefront of treatment. If you would like to know more about the excellent heroin detox therapy we provide to send you on the road of recovery, please get in touch.
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BBC Three: Heroin Withdrawal: What Going Cold Turkey Feels Like