Cancers Caused By Alcohol - Rehab Guide

Cancers Caused By Alcohol

Cancers Caused By Alcohol

Alcohol use and cancer

Alcohol can increase the risk of certain cancers, but you can reduce your risk by cutting down your alcohol use.

Some cancers are directly linked to 7 different types of this deadly disease.

Types of cancer from alcohol and drinking:

  • Mouth cancer
  • Pharyngeal (upper throat) cancer
  • Oesophageal (food pipe) cancer
  • Laryngeal (voice box) cancer
  • Alcohol and breast cancer
  • Bowel cancer
  • Alcohol and colon cancer
  • Alcohol and pancreatic cancer
  • Alcohol and Liver cancer

The risk of contracting these cancers begins even when you start to drink relatively small amounts of alcohol. Therefore, when it comes to cancer, the reality is there is no “safe” amount of alcohol to drink.

Is my drinking dangerous?

Most of us are aware that alcohol isn’t good for our health, but just how bad is it?

Equally, all of us realise how dangerous it is, but are you aware that alcohol can directly cause several types of cancer?

We may think that it will never happen to us; for instance, it may not run in our families, we may lead reasonably healthy lifestyles with just the occasional alcoholic drink, but is this true?

Below we take a look at the evidence for alcohol consumption and risk.

A worsening crisis

In 2015, the latest statistics showed an estimated 2.5 million people in the UK were living with cancer. This is an increase of nearly half a million new diagnoses on the previous five years. This figure is predicted to further rise to a staggering 4 million people living in the UK with the disease by 2030.

Thanks to advances in treatment, the proportion of people living longer is increasing, and the number of people alive five or more years from initial diagnosis is predicted to more than double to 2.7 million between 2010 and 2030.

However, recovery does come at a cost. Surviving is one thing, living the rest of your life post-cancer and with the effects of the various aggressive treatments is quite another. Sadly, around one in four (25%) people in the UK already face poor health or disability having received treatment.

So, how are these increasing cancer-related statistics linked to alcohol, and should we be worried?

Why is cancer on the rise?

By far, the most significant risk factor is simply getting older. More than three-quarters of all people diagnosed with in the UK are over the age of 60. Thanks to advancements in science and medicine, we are living longer. By the same token, we are exposing ourselves to more harmful toxins, and alcohol plays a key role.

Alcohol and Cancer

Cancer is a disease of our genes – The bits of DNA code that hold the instructions for all of the microscopic machinery inside our cells. Over time, mistakes made from increasing exposure to toxins accumulate in this code. Scientists can now see them stamped in DNA. It is these mistakes that can kick start a cell’s journey towards becoming cancerous.

The longer we live, the more time we have for mistakes to build up. And so, as time passes, our risk of developing increases, as we accumulate more of these faults in our genes.

Now, more people than ever are living to an age where cancer becomes a real risk factor.

A toxic lifestyle

You may not realise, but only a small proportion of all cancer cases (5–10%) can be attributed to genetic defects. The remaining 90–95% have their roots in the environment and lifestyle.

Lifestyle factors contributing include alcohol, tobacco, diet (fried foods, red meat), sun exposure, environmental pollutants, infections, stress, obesity, and physical inactivity.

The evidence indicates that of all cancer-related deaths as many as 30–35% are linked to diet and lifestyle (including alcohol), 25–30% are due to tobacco, approximately 15–20% are due to infections, and the remaining percentage is due to other factors like radiation, stress, physical activity and environmental pollutants etc. (3)

This is certainly worth considering as alcohol dependence is also on the rise, along with alcohol-related deaths. In the UK in 2017, 7,697 alcohol-specific deaths were recorded. This is the highest number of alcohol deaths since 2008.

Alcohol and Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK today, and scientists estimate that 8% of cases are caused by alcohol consumption.

Obviously not everyone who drinks alcohol will go on to develop the disease, however, statistically, the risk does increase, and so we should be worried about our drinking habits.

To reinforce this point, scientists estimate that alcohol directly causes 11,900 cases of cancer per year in the UK. That’s 11, 900 cases of cancer that could be avoided JUST by avoiding alcohol.

Other illnesses linked to alcohol

Consuming alcohol is not just bad for health in terms of cancer. Alcohol can cause other life-threatening illnesses including addiction, liver disease such as cirrhosis, high blood pressure, heart failure and dementia.

Even the pleasurable effects of alcohol can be a risk to our health. Impaired judgment can contribute to a higher risk of injury (for example, driving whilst drunk or falling); an increased likelihood of engaging in risky sexual behaviour, or taking other dangerous drugs.

Alcohol can also increase your chances of developing debilitating and even life-threatening mental health illnesses also. If you drink above the recommended safe drinking levels, you are at an increased risk of developing anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and self-harm.

Alcohol itself is an extremely toxic substance, and simply consuming too much over a short time period can cause alcohol poisoning. Without emergency treatment, this can often prove fatal.

Does binge drinking increase your risk of developing cancer?

In the UK binge drinking is defined as the consumption of more than 8 units of alcohol in a single session for men or 6 units for women.

Whilst binge drinking does increase the risk of alcohol-related harmful behaviour and illness, to our knowledge, it does not particularly affect the risk of developing cancer.

There is currently no sound evidence as to whether one particular type of drinking pattern is worse than any other when it comes to causing cancer.

How does alcohol cause cancer

There are 3 main ways in which cancer is caused by alcohol.

  1. Acetaldehyde – When we drink alcohol, it is turned in to a chemical called acetaldehyde in our body. This happens mainly in the liver, but other cells and some bacteria in our mouths and gut can do this too.

Acetaldehyde can cause cancer by damaging DNA and stopping our cells from repairing this damage. As stated above, alcohol also causes cirrhosis which can increase the risk of cancer.

  1. Hormone changes – Alcohol can increase the levels of hormones in our body, such as oestrogen and insulin. Hormones act as messengers, giving our cells instructions – including when to grow and divide. The rate at which our cells grow and divide can cause and exacerbate cancer.
  2. Increased absorption – Alcohol can affect the cells between the mouth and throat, which may make it easier for other carcinogens to be absorbed.

Can alcohol actually be good for us?

The government recently released guidelines which are clear – that no amount of alcohol consumption is good for your health.

Some studies reported in the press have suggested drinking a small amount of alcohol may actually be good for our hearts, owing to a group of chemical compounds called polyphenols.

However, the evidence is mixed, and you can find these compounds in lots of other healthier alternatives such as berries.

It is far better for your heart to simply exercise regularly and ensure that you eat a healthy diet, whilst avoiding obviously damaging toxins such as alcohol, drugs and tobacco.

Do I need help to stop drinking?

Cutting down on alcohol consumption or stopping altogether should not present a significant problem for most people; however some people may find they struggle. In terms of reducing your risk of developing alcohol-related cancer, it is most definitely worth considering. The more you drink, the more toxins you are exposed to, the higher the risk of developing cancer caused by alcohol.

If you have cancer in the family, have additional risk factors and are frequently exposing yourself to alcohol, then this is a sure sign you should stop. You will only ever benefit healthwise from stopping drinking regardless of additional risk factors present. Cancer is yet another reason to review your current drinking habits.

If you find it difficult to reduce or stop your alcohol intake, you may find that you need professional help. A good place to start is your GP who will be able to advise you of what alcohol treatment is freely available in your area. Try to be honest with your GP as then their advice will be more appropriate.

Link between alcohol and bowel cancer

Alcohol is linked to seven types of cancer including bowel cancer. It is estimated that about 6 out of 100 bowel cancers (6%) in the UK are linked to alcohol.

For cancer prevention, it’s best not to drink alcohol at all. If you do drink alcohol, keep it as low as possible with an upper limit of no more than 14 units a week and try to spread it out over the week. Remember to have at least two alcohol-free days a week.

Alcohol abuse and cancer

If you are alcohol dependent, then you will experience alcohol withdrawal symptoms if you try to stop drinking suddenly without medical help. The physical symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can include hangover tremors (‘the shakes’), sweating, nausea, hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not actually there), and alcoholic seizures.

With a physical dependence on alcohol, alcohol withdrawal symptoms can and do kill, so please always seek medical advice before attempting to stop.

The psychological symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can include depression, anxiety, irritability, restlessness and insomnia.

Severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms are dangerous and can be fatal. You should always seek urgent medical attention if you are experiencing them. (12)

If you have funds available and are in need of an alcohol detox without delay, then investing in a private alcohol detox or alcohol rehab could well save your life, and in more than just one way.

When considering if you need to stop drinking to reduce your risk of cancer, it is wise to include the above evidence. If you are already at high risk of cancer or are alcohol dependent, it’s safe to say that stopping alcohol would be a life-saving measure.

If you need help with this, call Rehab Guide on 02072052845 for more information.

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